Luggage Planning Safety Walkie-talkie
|Battery live reduces noticeable when they are cold. |
For a second win, heat up your battery!
Rechargeable batteries (Ni-MH) can contain more
energy for every gram you have to carry.
|Rechargeable batteries do lose their energy in time. |
For optimum benefit it is best to charge a battery as late as possible.
|A GPS consumes al lot of battery power. |
You can reduce this by switching off the backlight
(The E-trex models of Garmin have the disadvantage that you can easily switch it on by by pressing the on/off button for a short while).
A compass function on a GPS is also a power consumer.
It is better to switch it off when you don’t really need it.
|To protect your batteries against short circuit due to moisture,
wrap your batteries in plastic foil.|
This is light weighted and you can easily determine which battery has already been used.
Due to low temperature and intensive use, the
battery of your altitude meter (watch) might give it up during your
Gloves on, gloves off, put it away, take them
back again, gloves on, ….
It is important to have dry shoos in the
When you wear gloves you are still able to use your fingers. Mitten instead provide the best insulation. The combination is ideal. Your fingers won’t frees immediately when you have to take of a mitt
|Repair everything once you are back home. |
Don’t wait until your next tour, you might forget what was wrong with your equipment.
|Check your crampons, do the fit under your (new) ski boots! |
|No firm hold when you have to take your ski pole below the handle?|
Consider to entwine your pole with tape.
|Skins, Shaped or Straight, that's the question.|
There are two schools of thought on the selection and fit of Climbing Skins, Shaped and Straight.
Shaped: This will provide you optimum grip.
Straight: This skin will set-up lighter, glides better and eliminates the possibility of contaminating expose glue when storing skins. Straight skins are also easer to fold for packing and storage and their weight is less.
|For creating your custom waypoint symbols, go to the Garmin website en download xImage (freeware).|
|Downloading a copy of the current GPS display as a bitmap is possible with G7ToWin and xImage (for those units which support it). Both are freeware.|
|To benefit from the latest GPS firmware, check for new
version on the site of your GPS supplier.|
|It is important to have a agreement about the decision process
before you start your tour. |
When (some) group members are equal in experience and/or knowledge it might be a good idea to circulate the role of leadership.
The leader of the day can consult other group members but (s)he will make the final decisions.
Other “leaders” still have a right of veto in case of a conflict.
|Make sure your companions are well-equipped and that everyone knows what the plan for the day is. Don't allow your group to split up and never leave someone on his/her own (if one person turns back alone, the remainder of the group will have to spend the rest of the day worrying about whether the person has made it back OK). Travel at the speed of the slowest or least fit person - pushing someone to go faster will only create problems later in the day when fatigue causes mistakes or slips.|
|A common contributory cause of accidents is disparity within groups - different aspirations and abilities can lead to poor decision making on the hill. Going into the hills alone is generally more serious than going with a group and requires experience and judgement gained from trips made in the company of others and this is particularly true in winter.|
|When you are not familiar with the group, a good walking speed to start with is 50 steps/minute.|
|Before you start. Check the luggage of the group before you start your tour to avoid
any redundant or unnecessary item. |
Try to avoid overloading of any group member by selective distribution of the items needed for the whole group.
|When you return home.|
In case your backpack was a bit heavy.
Consider, while you unpack, which items is really necessary and which not.
Don’t forget or update your packing list but leave it home next time!
|Put one big refuse bag in your backpack before you pack it. |
This insures that everything in you backpack will stay dray.
When you go out for a day tour, you can use the refuse bag to store the items you would like to leaf in the hut.
|Program all the important telephone numbers (avalanche bulleting,
weather forecast, huts, …) in you mobile phone.|
|Check the telephone numbers for weather and avalanche information before you leave. Check that they provide detailed information about the area of your interest.|
|In case somebody has fallen into a crevasse, the rescue team needs
a Compressor and a tripod. When you have radio contact inform them
immediately by saying: ”Spaltenunfall, bitte Kompressor und Dreibein mitfuhren!”.|
case you do like the Auto-Reverse System of the Tracker DTS
avalanche bacon, you have to know that this option must be activated
each time you replace the battery. How, the operation instruction
gives you the following information:
(from Leki for example) can be converted into an avalanche probe.
information about the day's plans is widely regarded as good
practice. The effectiveness of the voluntary mountain rescue teams
is greatly facilitated if a reasonably accurate description of a
mountaineer's plans is available. It is important to remember that
mountaineers do not have a right to be rescued and that their safety
is not ultimately guaranteed by the emergency services. A late
return, a benightment or a forced bivouac are all situations for
which mountaineers should be prepared, and which do not necessarily
justify alerting the voluntary mountain rescue services.
Mountaineers should be independent, self-reliant and able to look
For a calm and controlled descend you might consider to leave your climbing skins on. This might be useful when the snow is difficult to ski or when you have not enough space control you speed (for example when ski down a mountain road).
By highlighting the most important spots (like huts or emergency phones) on a map with a marker, you might avoid unnecessary searching or overlooking this information.
A simple lightweight isolating sitting mat can be very convenient in case of a unwanted stay in, for example, a rescue shelter.
to weather or avalanche conditions it might be necessary to consider
an alternative tour. This decision is easier to make in case you
prepared an alternative tour as well. It avoids taking unnecessary
risk by continuing your tour or starting unprepared with an
alternative tour. When this alternative tour is located in a part of
the alps with a different climate it is more likely that the
conditions will be better over there. You can use one of the Tour plans, offered by this site, as an alternative.|
|When you go out for a week, you might have several maps with you. On the 1:50.000 map you can write the corresponding 1:25.000 map numbers for ease in finding the right map. On the rim of the 1:25.000 map you can write the number of the map connecting to it.|
toenails might hurt while you are walking. So don’t forget to cut
them before you leave. |
how to print your Tour plan and how to bind the pages.|
Printing two pages on one sheet and printing both sites of a sheet will reduce the weight.
Bind your Tour plan in a way that you can take out the pages. This will allow you to remove pages you won’t need during the tour (for example the information about hotels and local transport).
During the day you have to verify your Route plan. For easy access it is good to put the sheets with the necessary information in your pocket. Try to print this information in a way that you can read it without constantly turning the pages.
OziExplorer you are able to view your scanned map in three
dimensions. This is done by combining your two dimensional map with
a three dimensional grid of that area. You can download a grid for
most parts of the world. For more information see www.OziExplorer.com.
|Especially in Switzerland, the unguarded huts do have a telephone that do allow incoming calls but no outgoing calls (except an emergency call). If you want to stay in contact with someone, give him/her the telephone number of the hut. When it is possible you can inform this person that you (will) be there by sending a SMS. This will spares the battery power of your GMS for emergency cases.|
autumn 1997 on, Switzerland has one emergency channel: 161.300. You
have to "open" in by a ZVEI five tone (send - wait - REGA
initiates contact). For more information about upgrading your
walkie-talkie with this code: get
in contact. |
The SAC channel (159.200) is also often used in case of emergency.
|In the western
part of Wallis you have, most of the time, a good connection with
Televerbier because of the high altitude of the ski station on the
mt. Fort (154.500). You can use the police channel (***,***) for the
rest of Wallis. The police relay on the Eggishorn gives coverage on
the Aletsch gletscher.|
|On the Italian
site of the mt. Rosa massif you can reach the guardians of the
Theodul-, the Ayas-, the Sella- and the Mantova hut. In wintertime,
you can not expect a guardian in The mt. Rosa hut. |
winter in the Ecrins, you can't expect the presence of a guardian in
any hut. A relay is not available so you need to have eye contact
|Inform, also in
Italia and Austria, about their radio. Do they have it on the whole